Aronia naturalization requires the planting of a pair of gymnema sylvestre or other root bearing trees in an area where there is no beneficial tree to shade or filter pollutants. There are two primary methods by which this can be accomplished. The first method uses roots from conifers or other root bearing trees to create a barrier, preventing water from soaking into the soil. The second method uses a graft from a conifer or other deciduous tree to form the barriers. Aronia is a deciduous genus of coniferous shrubs, native to the eastern United States and most commonly found growing in wetland and wet forest areas. The genus is commonly regarded as having two or three common species, one of them being naturalized in Europe.
In an early study, it was shown that aronia berries may help to lower cholesterol levels. This was tested in both humans and laboratory animals. The ingestion of the berries was shown to lower total blood cholesterol. It was also shown that in those that suffered from hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol), the ingestion of the berries was effective in reducing the severity of the disease. It is not clear how the berries affected the levels of cholesterol in the blood, but one study did state that a higher concentration of soluble fibers could explain why aronia berries may help to reduce cholesterol levels.
Aronia also has a number of other health benefits. Aronia is the only fruit that contains significant amounts of vitamin C. In one study, it was found that vitamin C and vitamin E when combined with antioxidants resulted in the highest health benefits. While many other fruits are highly acidic, only the berries possess a level of acidity that will cause irritation to the gastrointestinal tract if taken in excess. It is recommended that pregnant women and individuals who suffer from acid reflux do not consume the fruit. However, this does not prevent the fruit from being beneficial to those looking to boost their immune system.
In addition to the aforementioned health benefits, research is also showing that aronia berries may provide other benefits. One such benefit is that they may provide anti-cancer properties. Preliminary studies are showing that the berries may be effective in preventing cancer, although it is unclear how this would occur. However, this finding is being backed up by several other tests, most of which are being conducted on animals.
While there are no human studies directly connecting heart health with the consumption of the fruit, it appears that the fruit may have some positive effect in the cardiovascular system. Several of the studies mentioned above used a test-tube model to examine the effects of the berries on human cardiovascular tissue. In the tests, it was found that the fruits decreased plaque build-up. It was also shown that the reduction in fat buildup was similar to exercise. However, there is still more research needed to conclude whether or not the berries are beneficial for human cardiovascular health. As with many other natural foods, it is not known if there really is enough evidence out there to support any claims regarding heart health.
Some of the other polyphenols found in the fruit are known to be good antioxidants. Antioxidants help protect the body against various diseases and environmental irritants. Many of the antioxidant polyphenols found in the fruits of Aronia may help protect the body against heart disease, according to some research. It is not clear how the polyphenols in the berries help protect the body against heart disease. However, the research is beginning to show that the fruits of Aronia may help lower blood pressure, reduce cholesterol levels and prevent some forms of cancer.